What are the conditions for Qurbani?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
What are the conditions for Qurbani? For example a married man, who owns a house, a motorcyle,his wife has good amount of gold jewelly,one kid studying in a good school, has a small investment in small businesses too, but has a small loan too, does he and his wife come upon that its farz on them to sacrifice an animal on eid ul azha?After what age does a child has farz of qurbani?And what are the other factors , conditions of qurbani?Thank you.
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Conditions of sacrifice qurbani
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Beloved brother in Islam, sacrifice is only obligatory upon a believer when one is himself/herself on the pilgrimage of Hajj. For all the other believers who are not themselves on the Hajj pilgrimage, the sacrifice or ‘qurbani’ on the Day of Adha is a preferred Sunnah, and thus voluntary and supererogatory.
If one who is not on the pilgrimage of Hajj offers a sacrifice on the Day of Adha, he/she will receive a huge reward for their worship from their Lord Most Gracious; and if for any reason one does not offer a sacrifice, there is absolutely no obligation or sin upon them. The most that can be said of one who is not a pilgrim and does not offer a sacrifice on the Day of Adha is that he/she missed a great opportunity to earn huge rewards from Allah Subhanah.
The only condition for one who is not a pilgrim and wishes to fulfill the Sunnah and offer a voluntary sacrifice on the Day of Adha is that he/she should purchase the animal with their halaal and lawfully earned wealth; other than that there is absolutely no conditions for one who is not a pilgrim and wishes to offer a sacrifice on the blessed Day of Adha.
And what are the other factors , conditions of qurbani?
Sahih Muslim Hadith 4836 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah
Allah's Messenger (saws) said: ‘Sacrifice only a grown-up animal, unless it is difficult for you, in which case sacrifice a ram (of even less than a year, but more than six months' age).’
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 7.476 Narrated by Salama bin Al Aqua
The Prophet (saws) said: “ (Of the Sacrifice) eat of it, and feed of it to others, and store of it.”
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 5.115
A person offering a sacrifice may consume, without any restrictions, any amount of meat he may desire. He may likewise give away, or offer in charity any amount he may wish. Some scholars say that one may eat half, and give away the other half in charity, while others say that the meat be divided into three parts. Of these one may keep a part, distribute a part, and give in charity the third part.
The guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to sacrifice an animal who is at least six months of age and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to consume a part of the sacrificial meat, distribute a part of it among his companions, and give a part of it to the poor and needy.
If one wishes, one may eat all or part of it, or distribute all or part of it, or give to the poor all or part of it. There is absolutely no restriction on how one should consume the sacrificial meat, but it would be best to follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and eat some oneself, distribute some, and give some to the poor and needy.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,