Life insurance and interest to charity.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

I would like to know whether the LIC policy is ACCEPTABLE in islam and MONEY RECEIVED from after the matured period can be used for donating in madrasa,poor, marriage. I heards that it is not ACCEPTABLE to  used for personnel. kindly advice.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Life insurance and interest to charity

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: I would like to know whether the LIC policy is ACCEPTABLE in islam

Beloved brother in Islam, it is not the concept of insurance per se which is illegal or prohibited in Islam, but rather what is ‘haraam’ and forbidden in Islam is the ‘interest-based’ aspect which is utilized by the conventional insurance companies during their transactions when conducting the insurance business. 

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 274-276:

But those who devour ‘riba’ become like the one whom Shaitaan has bewitched and maddened by his touch.   They have been condemned to this condition because they say,  “Trade is just like ‘riba”,  whereas Allah has made trade halaal and ‘riba’ haraam.   Henceforth,  if one abstains from taking ‘riba’ after receiving this admonition from his Lord,  no legal action shall be taken against him regarding the ‘riba’ he had devoured before:  his case shall ultimately go to Allah.   But if one repeats the same crime even after this,  he shall go to Hell,  where he shall abide for ever!   Allah deprives ‘riba’ of all blessing and develops charity,  and Allah does not like an ungrateful,  sinful person.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:

O Believers!,  Fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is still due to you,  if you are true believers.   But if you do not do so,  then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa verse 161:

That they took ‘riba’,  although they were forbidden.  And that they devoured men’s substance wrongfully.   We have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment (of Hell Fire)!

 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2829        Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib

Ali said he heard Allah's Messenger (saws) invoke the curse of Allah on those who took usury, those who paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give sadaqah.

 

Almost all the conventional insurance companies transact their business based on ‘riba’ or interest, and it is this ‘riba’ aspect which is deemed absolutely and categorically prohibited and  ‘haraam’ in the Sight of Shariah Law and in the Sight of the Lord Most Majestic, Most Supreme.

 

Your Question: …..and MONEY RECEIVED from after the matured period can be used for donating in madrasa,poor, marriage. I heards that it is not ACCEPTABLE to  used for personnel.  

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:

O Believers!,  Fear Allah and give up that ‘riba’ which is still due to you,  if you are true believers.   But if you do not do so,  then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!

 

If in ignorance of the Laws and Prescribed Boundaries of the Lord, one has already ‘invested’ in a ‘LIC’ (Life Insurance Company or Policy), one is well within their rights to take back the amount they have ‘invested’ in it from their lawful earnings…but to take even a cent above the amount they have ‘invested’ would be tantamount to the acceptance or consumption of the abomination of ‘riba’ in the Sight of the Lord Most Majestic, Most Supreme.

 

It is not as if it is deemed permissible in Islam for one to continue taking interest as long as he spends it on charity; for Allah does not accept anything in His Cause unless and until it is pure and lawful.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 2214     Narrated by Abu Hurayrah

Allah's Messenger (saws) said: ‘O people, Allah is Good and He, therefore, accepts only that which is good and pure!’ 

 

Now the question arises what should one do with the interest money one has already accumulated in the past in ignorance of the Laws of Allah?

 

For the unlawful ‘interest’ money that one has accumulated in one’s past in ignorance of Allah’s Laws, the person has two choices:

  1. One may leave it with the ‘unlawful’ company.
  2. Or, one may take it and dispose it.

 

Some scholars are of the opinion that it does not help the cause of the believers to leave the interest in conventional banks for at best it helps them to generate more interest, and at worst, they may dispose it to an institution which might work against the Cause.  In cases where one has already accumulated interest money in ignorance of Islamic Law, and Allah Subhanah has guided them, and they now wish to dispose off that illegal money, the scholars are of the opinion that one may take this interest with the intention that he wants to rid himself of this evil thing, and give it away to some charity without seeking any reward from Allah Subhanah for this spending.   His only intention should be get rid of this unwanted and illegal money, and thus purify himself from the evil of ‘riba’.  The believer who does this only because he fears the accounting of Allah on an Inevitable Day, will, if Allah Wills, be rewarded for keeping himself pure from the evils of ‘riba’. 

 

The spending of illegally and unlawfully earned wealth does not have any worth or weight in the Sight of Allah; for Allah is Good and Pure, and He accepts only what is good and pure. 

 

The issue with the illegally and unlawfully accumulated money is not how best to spend it, but how soon can one rid himself of this illegal and unlawful wealth.  His only intention in giving this money away should be to purify oneself and get rid of the evil that is with him.  This illegal and unlawful money earned from interest can be compared to a burning coal in one’s hand!  When one unintentionally and accidentally holds a burning coal, his only intention is to get rid of the burning coal from his hand; not where best to place it so that it can be of some benefit!

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

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